World War II (NIOD) posters

Collection: A sizeable collection of Dutch proclamations and posters dating from World War II
Size: The collection consists of c. 5000 posters.
Access: The collection is indexed in a typed card catalogue of subjects, place of issue or city and area that the poster refers to. Moreover, there is a printed file catalogue with detailed descriptions of the collection. All posters have been digitised and can be viewed at the Memory of the Netherlands website.
More information: Paul van Capelleveen -070 3140331

Wijga, Verzamel eikels en kastanjes voor de herbebossching. [Ca. 1945]. Lithografie, 69 x 49 cm. Shelfnumber AF/00686. 

Wijga, Verzamel eikels en kastanjes voor de herbebossching. [Ca. 1945]. Lithografie, 69 x 49 cm. Shelfnumber AF/00686.

S., Op - tegen het bolsjewisme! Meldt u aan bij de Waffen SS. [ca. 1943]. Lithografie, 118 x 88 cm. Shelfnumber AG/00348a. 

S., OpĀ­tegen het bolsjewisme! Meldt u aan bij de Waffen SS. [ca. 1943]. Lithografie, 118 x 88 cm. Shelfnumber AG/00348a.

Van Altema. De jeugd in den Jeugdstorm. 1943. Lithografie, 44 x 30 cm. Shelfnumber AE/00694. 

Van Altema. De jeugd in den Jeugdstorm. 1943. Lithografie, 44 x 30 cm. Shelfnumber AE/00694.

Description of the World War II poster collection

In 1944 Radio Oranje called upon the Dutch to collect material concerning the war. After the liberation this call was repeated with a request to send all material to the RIOD, the National Research Institute for World War II documentation (at present: NIOD), which had been founded on May 8, 1945. Among the material thus collected were Dutch proclamations and posters.

In 1983 the KB received a request from the RIOD (now NIOD) to take over the collection because the latter did not have satisfactory storage conditions. It was decided to transfer the collection to the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, where the posters were repaired and properly stored. Some 800 posters remained behind at the RIOD, where they are available for exhibitions.

Three genres may be distinguished: announcements from official bodies such as mobilisation orders, reports of the capitulation and proclamations of the occupying forces; information posters urging the population to act in particular ways, such as posters against the black market or certain dietary habits in times of food shortage; and propaganda and recruitment posters.

Literature

  • Bestandcatalogus: afficheverzameling Koninklijke Bibliotheek. Den Haag, Rijksdienst Beeldende Kunst, 1992. 3 dl. (Bestandcatalogus Nederlands Affiche Project; 14-16)
  • W. Goossens. 'Het restauratieprojekt van de collectie affiches uit de Tweede Wereldoorlog in de Koninklijke Bibliotheek'. In: De boekenwereld 4 (1987/88), p. 177-180, ill.