Figurative marbled papers

The twentieth-century marbled papers by Okyay and Rudel stand out because during the marbling process a figurative element has been added to the colour pattern. This type of marbled paper is sometimes called 'expressive marbling'. The addition of a figure in the floating colours requires great technical skill and experience. Okyay's techniques is based on traditional Turkish marbled papers (ebru), that favoured floral motives.

Ebru-style marbled paper. Fantasy marbling  with poppies. Necmeddin Okyay, Istanbul, ca. 1963. [PC SERIE W 08]

Ebru-style marbled paper. Fantasy marbling with poppies. Necmeddin Okyay, Istanbul, ca. 1963. [PC SERIE W 08]

Ebru-style marbled paper. Fantasy marbling  with tulips. Necmeddin Okyay, Istanbul, ca. 1963. [PC SERIE W 09]

Ebru-style marbled paper. Fantasy marbling with tulips. Necmeddin Okyay, Istanbul, ca. 1963. [PC SERIE W 09]

Ebru-style marbled paper. Fantasy marbling  with marguerites. Necmeddin Okyay, Istanbul, ca. 1963. [PC SERIE W 10]

Ebru-style marbled paper. Fantasy marbling with marguerites. Necmeddin Okyay, Istanbul, ca. 1963. [PC SERIE W 10]

Ebru-style marbled paper. Fantasy marbling  with violets. Necmeddin Okyay, Istanbul, ca. 1963. [PC SERIE W 11]

Ebru-style marbled paper. Fantasy marbling with violets. Necmeddin Okyay, Istanbul, ca. 1963. [PC SERIE W 11]

Ebru-style marbled paper. Fantasy marbling  with a bouquet of tulips, marguerites and carnation. Necmeddin Okyay, Istanbul, ca. 1963. [PC SERIE W 12]

Ebru-style marbled paper. Fantasy marbling with a bouquet of tulips, marguerites and carnation. Necmeddin Okyay, Istanbul, ca. 1963. [PC SERIE W 12]

Fantasy marbling  with frogs. Johann Rudel, Elberfeld, ca. 1910. [PC SERIE W 13]

Fantasy marbling with frogs. Johann Rudel, Elberfeld, ca. 1910. [PC SERIE W 13]

Fantasy marbling  with penguins. Johann Rudel, Elberfeld, ca. 1910. [PC SERIE W 14]

Fantasy marbling with 'penguins'. Johann Rudel, Elberfeld, ca. 1910. [PC SERIE W 14]