Wendingen

Wendingen, published from 1918 through 1931, is in many respects a remarkable journal. It was published by ‘Architectura et amicitia’, an Amsterdam-based society, and developed into the major representative of the Amsterdam School. This did not mean that it was only restricted to architecture: design, various visual art forms, even exotic subjects like shells and crystals were equally discussed in theme issues. Wendingen acquired international fame not only for its contents, but to a large extent also for its design. Its idiosyncratic, large square format (33 x 33 cm), its bifoliate infolded pages tied together with raffia à la japonais, but most of all its typography make it an impressive and unusual journal. The great mind behind it all was the architect H.Th. Wijdeveld. Inspired by the work of J.L.M. Lauweriks - who had already published a periodical called Ring in Germany in 1908, foreshadowing the advent of Wendingen - Wijdeveld designed the ‘Wendingentypografie’. This typography is characterized by the use of a sans serif (a grotesque) for the texts, the vertically eccentric position of text and illustration on the pages, and - most conspicuous of all - the composition of letters for the titles and the various captions from elements taken from the case of display types, a feature that encountered great opposition. ‘Illegible’ was the often heard reproof, and not unjustly so. Another remarkable characteristic is the design for the advertisements: despite individual differences they are all consistently framed by thick lines and printed in only one colour, which lend them a uniform appearance that smoothly fits into the overall design.

A good example of its idiosyncratic lettering is the cover of the Dudok issue reproduced here, an issue devoted to the Hilversum town architect W.M. Dudok. Although these letters have been drawn and subsequently lithographed, the similarity to the letters made up from type-setting material is obvious. It takes some time for the reader to find out that it concerns an issue of *Wendingen *(at the bottom), containing the ‘Raadhuis-ontwerp en uitgevoerde werken van architect W.M. Dudok’ (Dudok's Townhall design and executed works) as shown on the opposite page. In itself this issue fits in perfectly with the series of theme issues devoted to architects. It has extensive reproductions of the designs for building the impressive townhall in Hilversum, which was eventually started in 1928.

Wendingen. Dudok issue. Series VI, no. 8 (1924). Cover design by W.M. Dudok. 1327 D 6

Wendingen. Dudok issue. Series VI, no. 8 (1924). Cover design by W.M. Dudok. 1327 D 6

Literature

H. Oldewarris, 'Wijdeveld Typografie', in: Forum voor architectuur en daarmee verwante kunsten 25 (1975), no. 1
Wendingen 1918-1931. Documenti dell'arte olandese del Novecento. Firenze 1982
G. Fanelli en E. Godoli. *Wendingen. Grafica e cultura in una rivista olandese del Novecento. Milano 1986
Wendingen 1918-1931. Amsterdamer Expressionismus. Darmstadt 1992
Willem Marinus Dudok, stadsbouwmeester van wereldallure. Baarn 1993.