La fin du monde, filmée par l'ange N.-D.
Year:
1919
Author:
Blaise Cendrars
1887 to 1961
Artist:
Fernand Léger
1881 to 1955
Publisher:
Éditions de la Sirène

The early years of Éditions de la Sirène were somewhat chaotic. Blaise Cendrars reminisced about them in his old age - by which time this publisher had proved to be a major influence on modern French book design. The publishing business was founded by Paul Laffitte, and its first publication appeared in March 1917. Cendrars and Laffitte probably first met in 1918: Laffitte still misspelled Cendrars' name in a contract, writing 'Candras' instead. Their famous work Panama appeared that same year, and in 1919 La fin du monde, filmée par l'ange N.-D was to be the 38th publication under the Sirène banner. The abbreviation N.D. stands for Notre Dame, the Parisian cathedral. This edition was illustrated by the painter Fernand Léger. La Sirène's bibliography includes an overview of all the publisher's devices that were designed over the years by artists like Kees van Dongen, Raoul Dufy and Marie Laurencin. Léger's device for this book was not listed there, as it may have diverged too much from that of the others. Léger came up with a modernised presentation of a Siren: a cluster of loudspeakers.

Cendrars missing his lower right arm
Cendrars missing his lower right arm

Cendrars missing his lower right arm

Cover of La fin du monde
*Cover of *La fin du monde**

*Cover of *La fin du monde**

Title page
Title page

Title page

Page [31]: title of chapter 5
Page [31]: title of chapter 5

Page [31]: title of chapter 5

Page [18] with illustration by Fernand Léger
Page [18] with illustration byFernand Léger

Page [18] with illustration byFernand Léger

First text page (p.[4]) and frontispiece (p.[5])
First textpage (p.[4])and frontispiece (p.[5])

First textpage (p.[4])and frontispiece (p.[5])

Autograph dedication from Blaise Cendrars to Louis Koopman
Autograph dedication from Blaise Cendrars to Louis Koopman

Autograph dedication from Blaise Cendrars to Louis Koopman

Illustration by Fernand Léger
Illustration by Fernand Léger

Illustration by Fernand Léger

Colophon
Colophon

Colophon

The end of the world as a film

Cendrars worked as literary adviser for publisherA la Sirène in 1918 and 1919, after which he declared himself general manager (though it is uncertain whether he actually held this position). He wasn't responsible for the firm's business correspondence, and he spent more time outside Paris than in the city. During this period, Cendrars worked as an assistant for the innovative French filmmaker Abel Gance. His interest in films is further demonstrated by titles like The end of the world filmed by the angel N.-D. and L'abc du cinéma (1926), written in defence of cinema. Judging by the autograph dedication left by the author in the Koopman Collection's copy of this ABC, he considered cinema 'a new global language'. Film wasn't the only reason for him to travel: he was enough of an adventurer/journalist to traverse Asia at a young age.

Cendrars' style is associative and witty to the point of roughness. La fin du monde gets off to an impressive start: 'God the father sits behind his cylindrical desk'. God hastily signs piles of documents. He interrupts his work for a telephone conversation and calls together his district heads. The spiritual leaders of the world- from the pope to Rasputin - have to present their figures to him. He sends them away and makes up the balance: it has been a good year. The World War has yielded many new souls. The film continues: God travels to Interlaken and onward to Mars, and pours out every conceivable plague upon mankind, all to maximise the company's profits. The world is depopulated and is overgrown by vegetation. After 51 short chapters, the film quickly winds back onto the reel, the world is created anew and God is back behind his desk. But there is one crucial difference: he is now bankrupt.

Art Deco and modern men

The illustrations by Fernand Léger make this book exceptional; it has indeed become a much sought-after artist's book that expresses the 'rhythm of its time'. Léger had known the author since 1910. In 1919, the book's year of publication, Léger had his first solo exhibition. Besides the publisher's device, he created seven full-page illustrations, four vignettes, five illustrations for the chapter titles and three illustrations spread across two pages. He also designed the front and back cover in the same style: abstract and Cubist. Most illustrations were done in a combination of two colours from a selection typical of Art Deco: black, orange, yellow, blue, red, pink. The text and illustrations are woven together; coloured vignettes are visible under the text, and the illustrations include letters and numbers, advertising slogans and quotations that conjure up a hectic image of modern city life.

Léger also designed the typography for this book, composed of a robust 24 point Morland face, which gives the book a black, mechanical appearance. There is a clear relationship between film and illustrations. The story, narrated as in a screenplay, is also told through Léger's typographical experiment with hand-written letters and with various typefaces in the decorations, with boxed letters and symbols in large display type, like neon lights at night. This is how modern man imagined the end of the world, as through the lens of a camera shooting film. This book was important to Léger, as it helped to define his ideas on mechanisation and painting, preceding his meetings with Le Corbusier, Van Doesburg and Mondriaan. Léger himself was also very active as a filmmaker; witness his famous Ballet mécanique from 1924.

This edition

The book was initiated in early 1918 as a collaboration with other authors, including Jean Cocteau and Apollinaire, each of whom was to contribute a film of his own. However,that isn'twhat transpired. The book was finalised by printer Frazier-Soye on 15 October 1919. The colour illustrations were done in pochoir by the firm of Richard. The book was printed in an edition of 1225 copies, 25 of which were printed on Rives paper and 1200 on vélin Lafuma. It originally cost 20 francs; the deluxe edition cost 50. The last copies were soon sold out, but there were still 154 copies of the regular edition left over in 1937. This is one of the 'regular' copies, numbered 316, with a hand-written dedication from the author in the front, opposite the title page, dedicated to collectors about 'The end of the world': 'For mister Louis Koopman. This film will never be shot. Blaise Cendrars'.

Multi media presentation

See also the specialmulti media presentationabout this book by Blaise Cendrars:

Bibliographical description

Description: La fin du monde, filmée par l'ange N.-D. : roman / Blaise Cendrars ; compositions en coul. par Fernand Léger. - Paris : Éditions de la Sirène, 1919. - [60]p. : ill. ; 32 cm
Printer: Frazier-Soyen (Paris)
Richard
Edition: 1225 copies
This copy: Number 316 of 1200 on Lafuma
Typeface: Morland
Note: With autograph dedication from the author to Louis Koopman
Bibliography: Bénézit 8-441 ; Carteret V-41 ; Castleman 170 ; Édouard-Joseph II-351 ; Hogben 54 ; Johnson 26 ; Mahé I-440 ; Monod 2395
Shelf-mark: Koopm A 579

References

  • Paul van Capelleveen, Sophie Ham, Jordy Joubij, Voices and visions. The Koopman Collection and the Art of the French Book. The Hague, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, National Library of the Netherlands; Zwolle, Waanders, 2009
  • Pascal Fouché, La Sirène. Paris, Bibliothèque de Littérature française contemporaine de l'Université Paris, 1984
  • Fernand Léger, 1911-1924: The rhythm of modern life. Munich, Prestel, 1994